Q1 2019 -Are You Ready for Your Annual Audit?
February 17, 2019
By Vikram Deshpande
It’s that time of the year again! There are some best practices to follow to avoid pitfalls and issues while undergoing your year-end audit. Implementing these best practices will enhance the value your organization receives from the audit process and will help you comfortably meet your deadline for distributing audited financial statements to your investors.
It is management’s responsibility to prepare financial statements and design, implement and maintain internal controls relevant to the preparation and fair presentation of financial statements. Management’s first step is to have an in-house accounting team who are capable of achieving effective financial reporting which enables management to prepare financial statements that are fairly presented. While management can alternatively outsource the accounting function to a third-party service provider, for example, an external fund administrator, who can assist with preparation of the financial statements, it is important to keep in mind that management retains responsibility for the financial statements.
SCHEDULING A PLANNING MEETING WITH YOUR AUDITOR
If you haven’t already set up a planning meeting with your auditor, set it up now to discuss and provide an update to your auditor about what has occurred during the year. Matters of interest to your auditor will include amendments to the partnership agreement and other fund documents, capital activity, fund performance, any new or difficult-to-value investments and any other notable changes that occurred during the year. Expected timing of audit fieldwork and audit completion should also be discussed at the audit planning meeting. If you have outsourced your accounting function to an external fund administrator, ensure that the expected timing fits into their schedule.
Ask your auditors if they are aware of any new accounting pronouncements that are applicable to you that you should be considering while preparing your annual financial statements. For example, In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. ASU 2018-13 significantly reduces disclosure requirements related to Level 3 investments held by private investment companies. While ASU 2018-13 is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019, early adoption is permitted.
ASK FOR THE AUDITOR’S YEAR-END REQUEST LIST (also known as the PBC or “Prepared by Client” list)
It is a standard practice for auditors to provide their clients with a list of items they will need to get the audit rolling. Ask your auditor to provide this list well in advance of your fiscal year-end. Knowing ahead of time about some of the schedules and documents your auditors are going to need will help you keep these items in mind when you are going through the process of your year-end close. Ensure that you share the list with your external fund administrator and agree on the expected timing of any audit schedules that they can help prepare. Carefully consider each of the schedules you may be preparing for the auditors. If any of them are considerably time consuming for you or your external fund administrator to prepare, ask the auditors to explain why they need them. It is possible that they could get the same information from another resource.
For continuing or repeat audits, it is worth saving copies of the current-year schedules and documents you’ve submitted to your auditor for future reference. Make a note of the source within your accounting system, and the methods you have used, to extract specific customized reports that were part of the auditor’s current-year request list. In absence of significant changes in your business or operations, your auditor will most likely request those specific customized reports on an annual basis. Revisiting your notes from the prior year audit will reduce your efforts in extracting those reports in the current year. This step is particularly helpful if you have had turnover in your accounting department and a new employee has taken over the responsibility of preparing and submitting information to your auditors.
REVIEW THE SCHEDULES YOU SUBMIT TO YOUR AUDITORS
Before providing any of the requested schedules, documents or backup to your auditor, check to make sure that the information agrees with your trial balance and/or internally prepared financial statements. As an example, if you provide a schedule of partner contributions and withdrawals that does not reconcile to the corresponding amounts recorded in your trial balance, you will have opened up a whole can of worms. Even if you ultimately end up providing a corrected schedule that agrees to the trial balance, your auditors would want to know what changed and the reasons for the mismatch. Any errors and/or reconciliations during the audit process add to the cost of the audit. Reviewing the audit schedules in advance can save you time during the audit and helps everyone focus on more important issues.
DESIGNATE AN AUDIT POINT-OF-CONTACT
The audit schedules that you submit to your auditors provide a good data point for them to begin their audit. The auditors will have additional questions and most likely need to talk to you and/or your external fund administrator throughout the audit process. Designating an individual to handle all audit-related requests and provide timely responses to all questions will ensure an efficient audit. Ensure that someone from the senior management is available to periodically resolve any issues to keep the audit moving.
DO NOT WAIT TO SEND BANK, CUSTODY, AND OTHER AUDIT CONFIRMATIONS
It is standard procedure for auditors to request confirmations from banks on account balances on all significant cash accounts. Other audit areas involving the confirmation process include investments and cash held at a qualified custodian, private investments (whether or not held at a qualified custodian), and capital activity including contributions, withdrawals and transfers of interests. Auditors are required to transmit the confirmation requests themselves directly to the bank, custodian or investor and, in turn, the auditors must receive the confirmation reply directly from those parties in order for it to be valid. When inaccurate balances or incorrect information is provided on the audit confirmation, someone has to spend the time following up to get corrected information. The best chance at improving the accuracy of your confirmations is to prepare them as close to the confirmation date as possible. So if your auditor needs a confirmation as of December 31, make sure that you have either signed any paper confirmations or given electronic approval before this date. The approved confirmation requests need to go out in the first week of January or as close to the year-end as possible.
ASK IF YOU CAN HAVE TESTING SELECTIONS IN ADVANCE OR IF THE AUDITOR CAN PERFORM INTERIM TESTING
Auditors are required to include some element of “surprise” in their audit, so they are unable to tell you in advance absolutely everything that they plan to test. However, you can ask if there are any tests or testing selections that can be done ahead of time. Most accounting firms perform interim work covering transactions occurring in the first three quarters of the year. Purchase and sale of investments, realized gains and losses on sale of investments and capital activity are the most common audit areas that get covered during interim. Interim procedures are the best way to avoid surprises at year-end as they provide your independent auditor an opportunity to look at your accounting records and provide recommendations way before the chaos of year-end hits you.
Valuation of hard-to-value investments is of critical importance to investors and is often an area that is closely looked at by auditors and their valuation specialists. Your valuation policies and procedures should establish methodologies for various classes of investments, address effective alleviation of potential conflicts of interests and provide for appropriate disclosures. You should also consider including qualified valuation professionals on your team who can contribute to implementation of your valuation policies and procedures. Most auditors will expect that the management will prepare a comprehensive year-end valuation package for all hard to value assets they hold. The valuation package should provide a comprehensive write-up for each private investment being valued, including references to applicable support and documentation included within the valuation package. Clearly explain within the valuation package your rationale for any specific factors such as discounts due to lack of marketability or lack of control inputs. Providing substantial rationale for any changes in valuation methodology or inputs that have changed from prior valuation periods helps avoid follow up questions from your auditors.
USE OF TECHNOLOGY
Encourage use of technology and request access to all the available tools/solutions that your auditor’s firm offers. Audit firms across the globe invest significantly in technology and solutions that make life easier and work more productive. Some of the common technology solutions offered by audit firms to their clients include use of secure file sharing portals/erooms and use of electronic signature technology services such as DocuSign. Utilizing all the available technology solutions can significantly enhance efficiency and add value to the audit process.
Asset Management Intelligence – Q1 2019
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- Are You Ready for Your Annual Audit?
- Should I Market My Fund in Europe?
- The Impact of the New Interest Expense Limitation Rules on Trader Funds
- Alternative Investment Outlook for Q1 and Beyond
- Secondary Private Equity Market: Offering Flexibility Amid Brexit